How to Immigrate to Quebec
as a Skilled Worker
Last updated: 27 May 2022
As such, Quebec has its own immigration process, with its own programs and selection criteria. This comprehensive CAN Pathways page will provide you with information on your immigration options and an overview of the process of obtaining a visa for Quebec.
Quebec is rich in history, culture, breathtaking natural landscapes and offers a unique blend of French and Canadian heritage. The province has a unique status in Canada, with specific provisions and powers to protect and promote its distinct culture and French language while being part of the Canadian federal system.
Table of Contents
Overview of Quebec Immigration
Immigration is an area of shared federal-provincial jurisdiction in Canada. The Constitution states that the federal government has more immigration authority than the provinces. As such, the federal government has played the lead role in welcoming and settling immigrants throughout Canada’s history.
Quebec, however, has more immigration authority than any other province. Quebec became more active in Canada’s immigration system when it launched its own immigration ministry in 1968. At that time, Quebec recognized that welcoming more immigrants was key to maintaining its strong Francophone character.
Since then, the province has gradually obtained more immigration authority from the federal government. Today, it is responsible for selecting all skilled workers that wish to immigrate to Quebec. The federal government is responsible for admitting these immigrants.
In step one, Quebec selects immigrants according to its own criteria and procedures. If you are selected by Quebec, you and your accompanying family will receive a Certificat de sélection du Québec (CSQ). This document is issued by the Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Francisation et de l’Intégration du Québec and you can obtain it by applying for one of Quebec’s immigration programs.
Receiving your CSQ confirms that you have been selected for immigration to Quebec. Following this step, you can proceed to step two. This means that you will be able to apply to Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada for permanent residence and pass the medical, security, and criminality checks necessary to become a permanent resident in Canada.
Simply put, to immigrate to Quebec, you and your family will need to meet the requirements of both levels of government.
What are Quebec’s Economic Immigration Programs?
Quebec is unique in that it is the only province in Canada where French is the only official language. To protect this distinctive status, Quebec places special emphasis on knowledge of French when selecting immigrants. While fluency in French improves one’s chances of immigrating to Quebec, it is also possible to meet the requirements of Quebec’s immigration programs without speaking that language.
Quebec selects skilled workers for immigration based on the demographic and economic needs of the province and specific annual admission targets.
Foreign nationals who are interested in settling in Quebec may be invited to apply for a CSQ through one of the following economic immigration categories.
Quebec Regular Skilled Worker Program (QSWP)
Also known as the Quebec Skilled Worker Program, the QSW is an immigration program for foreign skilled workers who want to become permanent residents of Canada and reside in Quebec.
For this program, you must be one of the selected individuals with training and professional skills that will facilitate your integration into employment in Quebec. Language proficiency, age, and family situation are other factors that are considered in the selection process.
Quebec Experience Program – Programme de l’expérience québécoise (PEQ)
The PEQ is a popular immigration option for international students who have obtained an eligible diploma from a Quebec post-secondary institution and skilled workers with eligible work experience in the province.
If you are 18 years old or older, you intend to stay in Quebec to hold a job and have a minimum of an advanced intermediate level of French language proficiency you may be eligible to qualify for the PEQ.
The PEQ is popular due to a large number of students and workers already in Quebec that want to remain as permanent residents. The PEQ was launched following the results of extensive government research showing that those with Canadian work experience tend to integrate more quickly into the labour market once they transition to permanent resident status.
Quebec Permanent Immigration Pilot Programs
There are currently three permanent immigration pilot programs in Quebec, targeting workers in the food industry, orderlies, and the artificial intelligence, information technology, and visual effects sectors. These immigration pilots are designed to help Quebec meet the high demand for skilled workers in specific fields.
Up to 550 principal applicants ineligible occupations will be selected each year under each pilot program. Accompanying family members may also receive Quebec selection certificates under these pilot programs.
These pilot projects include French language requirements, but also in some cases, francization courses are offered to workers with the desired profile, rather than requiring a thorough knowledge of the French language during the immigration process.
Quebec Business Immigration Programs
Foreign nationals who can prove they have the resources can apply for immigration to Quebec under three immigration programs for businesspeople.
If you are looking to move to Quebec to start or acquire a business, you may be eligible for the entrepreneur program.
If you are looking to come to Quebec to make an investment, you may be eligible for the investor program. The Quebec Immigrant Investor Program (QIIP) is Canada’s only passive investor program and one of the world’s most popular passive investor programs. Successful candidates only need to provide the Quebec government with an investment; they are not required to manage a business in Quebec.
If you are self-employed and are a professional or a tradesperson, you may be eligible for the self-employed program.
Frequently Asked Questions
There are many different ways to immigrate to Quebec, including the skilled worker pathways, family sponsorship and those for business people. To find out which pathway is right for your particular situation, we invite you to fill out our free assessment form.
To find out if you are likely to be able to immigrate to Quebec, check the eligibility criteria for Quebec immigration programs that apply to you. In general, the criteria for Quebec immigration programs include:
- your language skills;
- your age;
- you work experience;
- your connection to the province of Quebec.
To become a permanent resident and settle permanently in Quebec, you must first obtain a Certificat de sélection du Québec (CSQ) issued by the Quebec Ministry of Immigration, and then a Canadian permanent resident visa issued by IRCC.
Quebec has a special agreement on immigration with the Government of Canada. The province has its own characteristics for selecting immigrants who will adapt well to life in this province, the only one in Canada whose official language is French.
To immigrate permanently to Quebec as a skilled worker, you must apply in two stages, as follows:
1. Apply to the Government of Quebec for a Certificat de sélection du Québec (CSQ). The province of Quebec will assess you using its own rules.
2. If the province of Quebec selects you you will be issued a CSQ, then you will be able to apply to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada for a permanent residence visa.
Yes. If you have already obtained permanent resident status, you have the right to reside, work or study in any part of Canada. However, if you have been nominated under the Provincial Nominee Program, the nominating province has chosen you to bring particular skills to its jurisdiction and to contribute to its community and local economy, and as such it is expected that you will settle and remain on that territory.
Quebec has the fastest aging population in the country, so employment needs are diverse in its economy. Jobs are in demand in a wide variety of fields such as information and communications technology, health, transportation, finance, professional services, agriculture and education.
Quebec has a list of occupations that are particularly in demand in the province. This list is updated periodically and indicates which occupations are experiencing a shortage of qualified workers in the labour market.
In addition, Quebec has recently introduced three pilot projects in the health, food processing and information technology sectors in order to address labour shortages in these areas.
To find out how to get a job and be authorized to work temporarily in Quebec, see our Temporary Foreign Workers Program page.
Immigration, whether temporary or permanent, involves significant costs. Before you leave, it is essential that you carefully assess the costs associated with your new life and your capacity to cover them.
You will need to sign a self-sufficiency contract with the government to ensure that you will be able to pay for the first few months of your life in Quebec.
You must be able to meet your basic needs, including food, clothing, personal necessities and housing costs. You may also have settlement expenses such as furniture, electricity, internet and telephone, public transportation, car, gas, driver’s licence, home or car insurance. You will also have to cover the cost of immigration documents and processing such as the Quebec Selection Certificate, Canadian Permanent Resident Fee and medical expenses, etc.
Any candidate who applies under the Regular Skilled Worker Program can obtain points for their knowledge of French and written English. A standardized test must be submitted.
See our English and French Language Proficiency page for more information on the tests recognized by the department of immigration.
The short answer to this question is, yes.
The province’s goal for the coming year is to welcome between 43,000 and 44,500 immigrants. The majority of new admissions to Quebec, 62 per cent, are expected to come from the province’s economic immigration programs.
No, you do not need a job to immigrate to Quebec. However, having a valid job offer can make it easier for you to obtain permanent residence.